By Tiffany Chenneville
This e-book examines the effect of pediatric HIV on kids, children, and their households. starting with an summary of pediatric HIV epidemiology, it strains the clinical, mental, and social dimensions of HIV throughout the trajectory of adolescence and adolescence. It examines the most recent learn on a variety of issues, together with remedy adherence, cultural, criminal, and moral matters, and HIV stigma and its relief. Chapters provide specialist thoughts for clinicians operating with childrens with HIV in addition to researchers learning pediatric HIV. moreover, the publication additionally discusses day-by-day issues linked to pediatric HIV, reminiscent of ailment administration, coping, entry to providers, hazard prevention, and overall healthiness advertising.
Topics featured during this booklet comprise:
- The influence of pediatric HIV on households.
- Psychosocial issues for kids and teens with HIV.
- HIV prevention and intervention within the college setting.
- HIV disclosure in pediatric populations.
- How to layout powerful evidence-based HIV risk-reduction courses for adolescents.
A scientific advisor to Pediatric HIV is a must have source for researchers, clinicians, and graduate scholars in baby and college psychology, social paintings, and public future health in addition to pediatric medication, nursing, epidemiology, anthropology, and different comparable disciplines.
Read Online or Download A Clinical Guide to Pediatric HIV: Bridging the Gaps Between Research and Practice PDF
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Additional resources for A Clinical Guide to Pediatric HIV: Bridging the Gaps Between Research and Practice
J. (2016). Interventions to improve treatment, retention and survival outcomes for adolescents with perinatal HIV-1 transitioning to adult care: Moving on up. Current opinion in HIV and AIDS,. 0000000000000302 Kapogiannis, B. , Soe, M. , Nesheim, S. , Abrams, E. , Carter, R. , et al. (2011). Mortality trends in the US perinatal AIDS collaborative transmission study (1986– 2004). Clinical Infectious Diseases, 53(10), 1024–1034. , Thea, D. , Steketee, R. , Abrams, E. , et al. (1997). Effect of maternal CD4+ cell count, acquired immunodeﬁciency syndrome, and viral load on disease progression in infants with perinatally acquired human immunodeﬁciency virus type 1 infection.
Infant Antiretroviral Prophylaxis All infants exposed to HIV should receive postpartum antiretroviral (ARV) drugs to reduce perinatal transmission of HIV. In all situations, infant prophylaxis should be initiated as soon as possible after delivery. A six-week neonatal zidovudine prophylaxis regimen is recommended in the US for all neonates exposed to HIV to reduce perinatal transmission of HIV. Recent guidelines added an acceptable shorter four-week course of neonatal zidovudine prophylaxis for full-term infants when the mother has received standard combination antiretroviral therapy during pregnancy with consistent viral suppression and there are no concerns related to maternal adherence.
More often youth are diagnosed during testing and evaluation of other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) such as chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis. A smaller percentage of youth can present with classic opportunistic infections such as pneumocystis pneumonia and recurrent candidiasis. Caring for the adolescent infected with HIV requires a multi-disciplinary approach due to complex psychosocial issues and mental health comorbidities that interfere with linkage and retention in care (Philbin et al.