By Hongzhang Chen
This publication provides and summarizes the hot innovations, new tools and new achievements that experience emerged within the biotechnology of lignocellulose lately. It proposes new strategies together with the first refining, fractionation, multi-level usage and selective structural separation of lignocellulose, and so on. via forthcoming lignocellulose as a multi-level source, biotechnology can have an important impact on ecological agriculture, bio-energy, the chemical and paper making industries, etc., eventually setting up unique eco-industrial parks for lignocellulose. also, this e-book presents systematic examine tools for the biotechnology of lignocellulose together with research tools for the first refining of lignocellulose, for microbial degradation and enzymatic hydrolysis, for cellulose fermentation and for lignocellulose conversion tactics. It deals a very good reference paintings and consultant for scientists conducting study on lignocellulose. Dr. Hongzhang Chen is a Professor on the Institute of procedure Engineering of the chinese language Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.
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Extra info for Biotechnology of Lignocellulose: Theory and Practice
The chemical bonds between the hemicellulose and lignin mainly refer to the chemical bonds between galactose residues, arabinose residues on the side chains of hemicellulose molecules and lignin, and carbohydrates, with this H. 6-glycosidic bonds in side chains Less than 200 “-1,4-Glycosidic bonds Several hundred to tens of thousands “-Glucan Polyxylose, galactoglucomannan (Gal-Glu-Man), glucomannan (Glu-Man) Three-dimensional Three-dimensional linear molecular inhomogeneous composed of the molecular with a small crystalline region crystalline region and the amorphous region Contains chemical bond Without chemical with lignin bond knowledge gained through research on the separated lignin-carbohydrate complexes (LCCs) [1, 2].
These components greatly reduce water loss from the plants. Depending on the time of formation and chemical composition, the cell wall can be divided into the primary wall and the secondary wall. Plant cell wall formation follows after cell division; the primary cell wall is formed in the new cell plate, and intercellular layers are formed between primary cell walls. As cells differentiate, secondary cell walls are formed inside primary cell walls and outside the protoplast; with the further differentiation of the cells, the structure of the cell wall gradually adapts to the function of the cells.
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